L’Heure just, Face-to-Face special | The Journal of Montreal

Live during the Face-to-Face on the airwaves of TVA and LCN, the researchers of our Bureau of Investigation verify the declarations of the candidates. Who says true, who says false? Which statements deserve more clarification or context? Stay with us all evening to have the right time. Have you spotted a statement that deserves verification? Write to us at .

9:54 p.m.

THE STATEMENT

In a face-to-face with Paul St-Pierre Plamondon, Éric Duhaime said that not all young people are interested in Quebec independence. “You can’t make a people independent when the youth doesn’t want it,” he said.

FACTS

The latest polls show that young people are not very interested in Quebec’s independence.

A Léger poll from last June shows that 26% of the 298 people polled aged 18 to 35 say they are for sovereignty.

A Mainstreet Research poll in June also confirms this, with 27% of young people saying they support independence.

9:26 p.m.

THE STATEMENT

The leader of the Liberal Party of Quebec (PLQ) affirms: “We are 2% of French speakers in North America. We will always have a battle to do to protect French and promote the French language.”

FACTS

Ms. Anglade lacks precision in her statistics on the percentage of Francophones in North America. According to a report by the Observatory of the French language of the International Organization of La Francophonie published in 2022, there are rather 3.5% of French speakers on the continent. Indeed, in Canada, 11,061,000 of the 38,694,000 inhabitants are French-speaking, which represents 29%. In the United States, the French-speaking population is 2,179,000 out of a total population of 334,805,000, or 1%.

9:19 p.m.

THE STATEMENT

Pierre St-Paul Plamondon says that under the Legault government, temporary immigration has quintupled and now stands at 177,000 temporary immigrants per year.

FACTS

The PQ leader took a certain shortcut to present such a figure. In the most recent report of the Institut du Québec on immigration, it is indicated that the balance of non-permanent residents (so-called temporary immigrants) has increased from 12,671 to 61,688. It has therefore quintupled. However, in the same report, it is indicated that in 2021 Quebec welcomed nearly 177,000 temporary residents, an increase compared to 133,000 in 2018. At this level, it is far from having quintupled.

9 p.m.

THE STATEMENT

“It is unacceptable, embarrassing, to have 50,000 children on the waiting list [des services de garde]“, denounced the PQ leader Paul St-Pierre-Plamondon.

FACTS

Paul St-Pierre-Plamondon is outdated. On May 31, the Ministère de la Famille estimated that approximately 34,000 toddlers needed a place in daycare. Previously, the figure provided by the ministry was 50,000, but this included children who did not immediately need a place, for example those whose parents were still on parental leave.

8:54 p.m.

THE STATEMENT

Éric Duhaime said the rooms in seniors’ homes cost $800,000 each.

FACTS

It’s true. Our Bureau of Investigation revealed in June 2021 that the construction costs of seniors’ homes have exploded. The cost of places then fluctuated between $700,000 and $1 million in certain regions. Since then, costs have continued to rise. Radio-Canada reported that the latest evaluation by the Ministry of Health, last July, estimates that the average cost is around $800,000 per room, twice as much as what was estimated in 2019.

8:49 p.m.

THE STATEMENT

Éric Duhaime blamed the Legault government for its management of COVID-19.

“You know that we have more deaths per capita than anywhere else in Canada,” he told François Legault.

FACTS

It is true that Quebec is the Canadian province that has officially had the most deaths from COVID-19 per capita, with 189 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants since March 2020, but an important nuance is necessary.

The number of deaths per capita to assess the severity of the pandemic is not the best indicator.

Indeed, as the way of counting the number of deaths is not the same everywhere, the strict comparison from one province to another or even from one country to another is difficult.

“By comparing the total number of deaths observed during a period of crisis with that which one would normally have expected, the calculation of excess mortality makes it possible to estimate the net effect of this crisis on mortality”, indicates the Institute of Statistics of Quebec (ISQ).

When we compare Quebec with the rest of Canada, we see that the first wave hit us harder, but that for the subsequent waves, “excess mortality there then remained at a generally lower level than in the other regions of Canada, with the exception of the Atlantic provinces, where the excess mortality remained very low”, indicates the ISQ.

The number of deaths in Quebec during the first 18 months of the pandemic was 3.7% higher than the expected number of deaths. For the same period, this rate was 4.7% for the rest of Canada, and 16.8% for the United States.

8:43 p.m.

THE STATEMENT

“We spent up to a billion dollars under François Legault in private agencies to see what finally? Fewer people in hospitals working and that cost us a fortune,” said Paul St-Pierre Plamondon.

FACTS

We are not talking about a billion, but rather 875 million dollars for the services provided by private agencies in the health network between April 2021 and March 2022. This is a record number for hiring of the independent workforce in the health network, according to data from the Ministry of Health and Social Services (MSSS).

8:35 p.m.

THE STATEMENT

François Legault said that the situation in Quebec has improved under his government by comparing Quebec and Ontario. “The wealth gap with Ontario for the last 10 Liberal years was 16%. It is now at 13%.

FACTS

This is true when we compare the difference in GDP per capita between Quebec and Ontario. The average difference in the ten years before the CAQ came to power was around 16%.

Mr. Legault, however, forgot to mention the government of the Parti Québécois, from 2012 to 2014. These “last ten years” were therefore not completely liberal. According to the figures presented in the last budget, last March, the gap is now at 13.6%.

8:30 p.m.

THE STATEMENT

François Legault suggested that if Québec solidaire were in power, Quebecers would have to pay an additional environmental tax on Toyota Camrys. “I have a question for Mr. Nadeau Dubois, a Toyota Camry, it will cost $4,300 in orange tax […] do you think it’s time to put taxes like that, with inflation with the situation that Quebecers are currently experiencing?

FACTS

The Prime Minister exaggerates. Québec solidaire proposes to impose a financial penalty on Quebecers who buy a vehicle that emits more than 210 g/km of CO2. However, 6 of the 8 Camry models sold in 2022 do not emit as much. The only two models for which there will be a penalty are the top-of-the-line Camry TRD and Camry XSE V6 models, according to the Government of Canada’s fuel consumption ratings search tool. Also, large families and people who use these two models for work would be exempt from this tax.

8:29 p.m.

THE STATEMENT

PQ leader Paul St-Pierre-Plamondon says lower taxes are a one-way ticket to austerity.

FACTS

The concept of austerity is not as simple as the PQ leader suggests. Lower taxes can indeed lead to austerity, but there are several factors to consider. For example, the state may garner enough revenue, observe an increase in Gross Domestic Product (GDP), or borrow money to cover government expenditures and prevent a reduction in public services.

8:27 p.m.

THE STATEMENT

Gabriel Nadeau-Dubois attacked Conservative leader Éric Duhaime over his environmental plan.

“Mr. Duhaime, you are suggesting to Quebecers that greenhouse gases increase,” he said.

FACTS

GND is right, the Conservative Party of Quebec affectionately admitted, in an interview published by the Journal on August 24, that GHGs would increase in Quebec because it plans to exploit more Quebec hydrocarbons.

It should be added, however, that according to Éric Duhaime, this will reduce hydrocarbon imports in Quebec, and therefore their production elsewhere. This is what, according to him, improves the planetary balance sheet of GHG emissions.

8:27 p.m.

THE STATEMENT

“Mr. Bruneau, there are 300% more ultra-polluting vehicles on our roads compared to the 90s,” said Gabriel Nadeau-Dubois.

FACTS

The QS co-spokesperson is right, and he even underestimates the increase a bit. In the State of Energy 2020 report, it can be reported that from 1990 to 2019, the number of vehicles used for personal transportation has increased by 319%. This is also the vehicle category that experienced the strongest increase during this same period.

8:22 p.m.

THE STATEMENT

Dominique Anglade attacked Gabriel Nadeau-Dubois on the promise of Quebec solidaire to tax the big fortunes.

“You want to tax people. You even want to go and tax farmers. That’s what you want to do,” she said.

FACTS

On September 6, Québec solidaire indeed promised to tax Quebecers whose net worth exceeds $1 million, which includes many farmers. However, the following day, the party backed down.

“I want to clarify the announcement we made yesterday: agricultural land will not be affected by the tax on large fortunes of Quebec solidaire,” said the co-spokesperson for QS.

8:10 p.m.

THE STATEMENT

“The reality in the world, we still have 50 years of growth in gas demand,” said Éric Duhaime, pleading to continue the exploitation of hydrocarbons.

FACTS

We did not find any studies that predict an increase in demand until 2072. However, some recent studies predict a 47% increase in gas demand by 2050.

We also found a study from 1999 that predicts an increase in demand until 2050. Perhaps that is the study that Mr. Duhaime is referring to.

8:06 p.m.

THE STATEMENT

François Legault declared that Quebec has the lowest rate of greenhouse gases per capita in North America.

FACTS

It’s true. According to the Conference Board of Canada, Quebec is at the top of the provincial ranking, it is the only one in Canada to obtain an “A” grade and is 7th in a ranking of 26 provinces and countries compared with each other. With emissions of around 10 tonnes of CO2 equivalent per capita, it compares to Denmark’s emissions. Sweden, at the top of the ranking, is at 5.8 tonnes. Canada and the United States get a D rating with 20.65 tonnes and 21.01 tonnes per capita respectively.

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